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Prevalence Rates for Behavioral Health Disorders

  • Mental Disorders in America- 26.2% of Americans ages 18 and older (57 million Americans) — suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year. 6% will suffer from a serious mental illness. Mental disorders are the leading cause of disability in the U.S. and Canada.
     
  • Suicide-In 2006, 33,300 (approximately 11 per 100,000) people died by suicide in the U.S. 90% of people who kill themselves have a diagnosable mental disorder, most commonly a depression or a substance abuse.
     
  • Depression-9.5% percent of the U.S. population age 18 and older in a given year, have a mood disorder.
     
  • Major Depression-Depression is the leading cause of disability in the U.S. for ages 15-44. 6.7% of the U.S. population age 18 and older in a given year suffer from Major depression in a given year.
     
  • Chronic, mild depression-Chronic, mild depression must persist for at least two years in adults (one year in children) to meet criteria for the diagnosis. 1.5% of the U.S. population age 18 and older in a given year.
     
  • Bipolar Disorder- 2.6% of the U.S. population (5.7 million Americans) age 18 and older in a given year suffer from bipolar disorders including Charlie Sheen.
     
  • Schizophrenia- 1.1% of the population age 18 and older in a given year, have schizophrenia.
     
  • Anxiety Disorders-18.1% of people in this age group in a given year, have an anxiety disorder. Nearly three-quarters of those with an anxiety disorder will have their first episode by age 21.5
     
  • Panic Disorder-2.7 % of people in this age group in a given year, have panic disorder.
     
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder-1.0% of people in this age 18 and over in a given year, have OCD.1, 2
     
  • Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)-3.5% of people in this age 18 and over have PTSD. 19% of Vietnam veterans experienced PTSD at some point after the war. PTSD also frequently occurs after violent personal assaults such as rape, mugging, or domestic violence; terrorism; natural or human-caused disasters; and accidents.
     
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder-3.1% of people age 18 and over, have GAD in a given year. GAD can begin across the life cycle, though the median age of onset is 31 years old.
     
  • Social Phobia- 6.8% of people ate 18 years and older have social phobia.1
     
  • Agoraphobia- involves intense fear and anxiety of any place or situation where escape might be difficult, leading to avoidance of situations such as being alone outside of the home; traveling in a car, bus, or airplane; or being in a crowded area. 0.8% of people in this age group in a given year, have agoraphobia without a history of panic disorder.
     
  • Specific Phobia- 8.7% of people in this age group in a given year, have some type of specific phobia.
     
  • Eating disorders 0.6%of the adult population in the U.S. will suffer from anorexia, 1.0%from bulimia, 2.8% from a binge eating disorder. The mortality rate among people with anorexia has been estimated at 0.56 percent per year, or approximately 5.6 percent per decade, which is about 12 times higher than the annual death rate due to all causes of death among females ages 15-24 in the general population.
     
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder- 4.1% of adults, ages 18-44, in a given year.
     
  • Personality Disorders-9.1% have a diagnosable personality disorder. Several more common personality disorders include:
     
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder-Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by an individual's disregard for social rules and cultural norms, impulsive behavior, and indifference to the rights and feelings of others. 1.0% of people aged 18 or over have antisocial personality disorder.
     
  • Avoidant Personality Disorder-Avoidant personality disorder is characterized by extreme social inhibition, sensitivity to negative evaluation, and feelings of inadequacy. Individuals with avoidant personality disorder frequently avoid social interaction for fear of being ridiculed, humiliated, or disliked. 5.2% of people age 18 or older have an avoidant personality disorder.
     
  • Borderline Personality Disorder-Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is defined by the DSM-IV as "a pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image and affects, as well as marked impulsivity, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts.”1.6% of Americans age 18 or older have BPD.

Prevalence of Substance Abuse

  •  22.7% of the population are binge drinkers
  •   6.6% are considered heavy drinkers
  • 8.1% of the population ages 12 year old and up, are current illicit drug users
  • 14,000,000 people have used marijuana in the past month.  The most common drug.
  • 10.5 % of 12th graders reported using Vicodin for non-medical reasons, 4.5% of 12th graders used OXYContin without a prescription.
  • 23.9% of the US population are current smokers, 3.3.% are smokeless tobacco users.  Tobacco is the leading preventable cause of death and disability in the US.

Prevalence and other statistics regarding behavioral health disorders in primary care settings

  • 10-20% of the general population with seek primary care for a mental health problem
  • 2/3 of PCP patients with a psychiatric diagnosis have significant physical illness
  • ½- 2/3 of patients with a diagnosis able psychiatric issue go untreated by PCPs
  • 60% of all medical visits were “worried well” with no diagnosable disorder
  • Patients with MH problems, use twice the medical resources as unaffected
  • 1/3 – ½ of PCP patients will refuse referral to MH services
  • Average PC visit lasts 13 minutes
  • Patient present with a an average of 6 specified problems